Iceland is a beautiful island located between the Greenland Sea and the North Atlantic, Western Northern Great Britain. Iceland attracts many tourists by the spectacular natural scenery from the vast peaceful meadows in the countryside, high mountains, large glaciers or majestic waterfalls… In addition, there are many interesting things that make up this charming island nation.
1. Most Icelanders don’t have a family surname.
Generally, a person’s last name indicates the first name of their parents with the formula: Name + Father’s son (for boys) and Name + Father’s daughter. So:
– Jon has a son named Thor Jonsson and has a daughter named Hafdis Jonsdottir (- dottier = daughter and Jonsdottir = Jon “s daughter).
– And Thor Jonsson has a son named Bjarni Thorsson and a daughter named Frida Thorsdottir.
– Continue like that forever …
Read more: ICELAND – A truly unique country
2. Icelandic women do not take their husband’s surname when they get married
Because Icelandic does not have a surname, Icelandic women do not use the husband’s surname when they get married. Also without them, Iceland lists the phone book alphabetically by first name.
Because there is no surname, people call their names (without solemnity) even to the President of Iceland.
3. Icelandic people often speak Icelandic
Icelandic people often speak Icelandic, which is spoken in both Scandinavia and North America. This language is similar to the ancient Norwegian language about 1,000 years ago. Only about 270,000 Icelanders live in their homelan Only about 270,000 Icelanders live in their homeland.
4. Politics in Iceland
Iceland has the oldest democracy in the world. The Parliament of Iceland (Althingi) was established about 1,000 years ago.
5. You don’t need a water heater or a fireplace in Iceland
In Iceland, you do not need a water heater or fireplace because it is heated by hot water pipes running from the course of a stream and hot springs directly used in buildings. Not to mention, the amount of rainfall in Iceland is so high and so pure that the waterways provide water for the whole city without any chemical purification.
6. Spearhead industry in Iceland
Because of the plentiful water and many rivers, Iceland’s hydroelectric industry is very strong and has huge reserves of hydroelectricity. As a result, the aluminum (bauxite) industry in Iceland has also become a key industry (aluminum smelting requires large amounts of electricity).
7. The weather in Iceland is not as cold as you think
The weather in Iceland is not as cold as you think because of the influence of the Atlantic climate and the Gulf Stream. The average daytime temperature in the winter of Iceland is 1 degree C. Iceland is located in the South Arctic, so winter nights and summer days are often very long. On December 21 (winter solstice) in the capital, the sun rises at 11:30 and sets at 3 am in the next morning. On June 21 (summer solstice) the sun rises again at midnight and sets at 3 pm.
8. Iceland is a green country.
Iceland is a green country. However, green here does not mean many trees. There is too much water and a temperate climate. Travelers coming here say that Iceland should be called Greenland or renamed Waterland.
9. Satisfaction with the life of the people
In a recent survey of satisfaction with the lives of people in general, Iceland ranked the highest among all European countries. Iceland also ranks among the countries with the highest percentage of internet users in the world. And in Iceland, there is no army, navy or air force, but only one armed force, the Coast Guard.